Bikash Bhattacharjee was born in Kolkata in 1940. He graduated from the Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship, Kolkata in 1963. Thereafter, he began teaching at Indian College of Art and Draftsmanship in 1968. 1973, he began teaching at the Government College of Art & Craft and taught there from until 1982. In 1964, he became a member of the Society of Contemporary Artists.
Bhattacharjee was a prolific realistic painter. His works were inspired by his early childhood, the rooftops and alleyways of north Kolkata where he lived, the crumbling walls of buildings and the people from his environment. His subjects were portraits of people from a politically charged atmosphere of Kolkata. His characters were representative of their class and included depictions of the female form, and people of all ages and situations—old men and women, children, domestic help. He had the ability to create an authentic milieu as a background to the characters heightened the drama. Realism being Bhattacharjee’s forte, he explores the possibilities of oil as a medium to the extent that he could depict the exact quality of drapery or the skin tone of a woman and captured the light perfectly.
He made art that was an instrument of aesthetic and social critique; in his prime, his paintings were a window into the struggles of poverty and socioeconomic unrest that surrounded him.In late 1960s – early 1970s, Bhattacharjee created a series of surreal paintings, with a sub-text of the demonic or subhuman in a setting of either dark fantasy or comic drama.
Bhattacharjee collaborated with writer Samwesh Bose and illustrated a fictionalized biography of artist Ram Kinkar Baij. The project was incomplete because of the sudden death of Bose.
He received numerous awards including those from the Academy of Fine Art, Kolkata, in 1962; the Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata, in 1971, and the Lalit Kala Akademi National Award in New Delhi, in 1971 and 1972. In 1987, he was awarded the Bangla Ratna from the state government and the Padma Shri by the Indian government in 1988.
Bhattacharjee died in 2006.